2. Identify and select common and specific patients’/general population self-care behaviours
Identify and select common and specific patients’/general population self-care behaviours
2.1. Specify and describe the patients/general population that you want to address with the self-care strategy
Depending on the results of the evaluation of the context and key issues and whether the strategy is general or specific to a minor condition, one should define the patients/general population that the interventions should be addressed to.
In doing so, consider:
- Characteristics of the general population
- People affected by the condition(s) the intervention is targeting
- Demographic (including age and gender) and socio-economic characteristics
- Possible co-morbidities
- Health literacy, language, cultural traits
For the case of common athlete’s foot all the general population is affected by it, however it is common among teenagers and young adults that use occlusive footwear so, some of the strategies might have to be adapted to this specific target group.
However there are some specific groups that should have special considerations:
- Children, pregnant women and elderly people for which some of the antifungal treatments might not be adequate
- People with co-morbidities, particularly for diabetes, for which athlete’s foot might more easily develop complications
2.2. Identify the general and specific patients’/general population self-care behaviours that the intervention aims to promote
A key step if you want to establish a strategy to promote self-care is to determine the ideal self-care behaviours. Establishing those ideal behaviours will guide the development of the strategy and it will help identifying the mechanisms that can hinder or facilitate the promotion of self-care.
Depending on the results of the analysis of your context and issues that you want to address you can identify different behaviours to promote.
The following table presents considerations specific to athlete’s foot for each of the main phases of self-care as well as some reflections regarding the patients/general population needs to achieve those goals.
All the behaviours included are considered relevant, however this classification might help to focus the self-care promotion strategy in a specific target.
Main stages of the cycle of self-care
Main self-care behaviours to promote
|Prevention and healthy lifestyles||
It should also be noted that there are some individual/genetic factors that favor it include suffering from peripheral vascular disease, diabetes mellitus or immunologic disease.
|Symptom recognition & evaluation||
Patients could be encouraged to check visual materials such as online pictures to aid them in the recognition of signs.
|Self-monitoring & early detection of complications||
Athlete’s foot is a minor and self-limiting condition, however it can present some risks depending on the evolution and the characteristics and/or situation of the person affected.