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Guideline on how to promote self-care: Cold

Basic information about Cold

The common cold has been defined as an acute epidemic respiratory disease characterized by mild coryzal symptoms of rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and sneezing. The nasal discharge is usually copious and thin during the first 2 days of illness, and then it generally becomes more viscous and purulent. The disease is self-limited. Symptoms may persist from 2 days to more than 14 days; however, the cold may abort after only 1 day. Fever, cough, sore throat, or lacrimation may or may not be present[1].

Seasonal patterns of infection can be identified for some of the various types of viruses that are responsible for outbreaks of the common cold [1].