Guideline on how to promote self-care: Heartburn (without indigestion)
Basic information about Heartburn
- The heartburn is described as a burning sensation, burning or fire or retroesternal (pit of the stomach) which can be up to the throat and moderate intensity.Sometimes accompanied by spontaneous return of reflux or gastric juice into the mouth irritate the mucosa in its passage through the oesophagus.
- This is a symptom that accompanies various digestive diseases either as the only manifestation or part of a larger picture. It is the common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) defined by at least weekly heartburn and/or acid regurgitation.
- A systematic literature review of the Cost/benefit analysis of self-care systems in the European Union  found good evidence for the effectiveness of some treatments of heartburn, which can be used for self-care.
- Evidence found mostly referred to products, which can be usually purchased over the counter and have little side-effects such as proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) and H2-receptor antagonists.
- However, future evaluations on self-care for heartburn should pay more attention to clearly distinguish between heartburn, gastroesophageal symptoms and Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease.